All you need to know about Gastritis | Causes and Treatment

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Gastritis is the inflammation of the stomach lining as a result of its damage. Gastritis is a common condition that has many causes. In most of the cases, gastritis is not a severe problem, it improves quickly if treated – in the absence of treatment can take years.

Gastritis Symptoms, causes, and treatment

Most people with gastritis caused by a bacterial infection but sometimes it has no symptoms. In other cases, gastritis can cause the following symptoms:

  • Indigestion
  • Stomachache
  • Nausea and vomiting

If the stomach lining has been affected/injured by erosive gastritis and exposed to gastric acid, symptoms may include pain, hemorrhage, or gastric ulcer (stomach ulcer). Symptoms of gastritis may suddenly occur and manifest aggressively.

When is the time to see a doctor?

If you have indigestion and stomachache, you can treat it at home adopting changes in diet and undergoing an antacid treatment prescribed by the doctor.

See a doctor if:

  • You have symptoms of indigestion that lasts more than 1 week, or if it’s causing severe pain or discomfort.
  • If you think it was due to some prescribed medicines.
  • If you have blood clots or if you notice blood in the stool (“the chairs” may look black).
  • Stomach pain and abdominal pain are not always symptoms of gastritis – pain can be caused by a number of other digestive problems, from meteoric (excessive gas accumulation in the stomach and intestines) to irritable bowel syndrome.

How to diagnose gastritis?

The doctor may recommend one (or more) of the following investigations:

Coproculture Exam – to detect infection or hemorrhage from the stomach

Detecting Helicobacter pylori antigen – from fecal matter- to highlight H. pylori infection.

Higher digestive endoscopy – The doctor inserts a flexible tube (the endoscope, endowed at the end with a mini-video camera) through the esophagus in the stomach to see if it shows signs of inflammation.

Barium radiography – you can drink a barium solution and your doctor follows the route of this solution along the digestive tract.

What can I do to improve gastritis?

If the cause of gastritis is repeated use of NSAID’s, try analgesics that are not part of this category, such as paracetamol. Ask for a doctor’s advice.

Also, consider the following:

Eat meals reduced in quantity but more frequent.

Avoid irritating agents such as spicy, acidic or fried foods.

Avoid or stop drinking alcohol.

Adopt stress management techniques.

Gastritis vs. gastroenteritis: what’s the difference?

Gastroenteritis: Inflammation (irritation) of the stomach and intestines caused by an infection

Gastritis: Inflammation of the tissue that licks the inside of the stomach (the stomach lining) caused by various factors that may or may not associate with an infection.

I hope our article about gastritis helped you, and make sure you keep an eye on our health section for more useful updates.

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